Robert Owen Paxton

Title: Professor Emeritus of History
Company: Columbia University
Location: New York, New York, United States

Robert Owen Paxton, Professor Emeritus of History at Columbia University, has been recognized by Marquis Who’s Who Top Educators for dedication, achievements, and leadership in the field of historical education.

Having earned the distinguished title of professor emeritus of history at Columbia University in 1997, Dr. Paxton garnered a laudable reputation through more than three and a half decades of dedication to the field of education. Throughout the course of his tenure at the aforementioned academic institution, which spanned from 1980 until 1997, he served as the director of the European Institute, Columbia’s interdisciplinary center for teaching and research on Europe, and the chairperson of the history department. Previously, Dr. Paxton founds success as an associate professor at the State University of New York at Stony Brook and an assistant professor at the University of California Berkeley, where he began his career as an instructor of history in 1961.

Bearing a particular specialization in the study of Vichy France, the puppet government erected by Nazi Germany during the Second World War, and the ideology of fascism, Dr. Paxton notably authored “The Anatomy of Fascism” in 2004, which has been translated into 12 languages, “French Peasant Fascism” in 1996 and “Vichy France: Old Guard and New Order” in 1972, among other works to his credit. He also contributed an autobiographical chapter to “Why France?: American Histories Reflect on an Enduring Fascination,” which published through Cornell University Press in 2007. Additionally, Dr. Paxton co-edited “De Gaulle and the U.S.” in 1995 and co-authored “Vichy France and the Jews” alongside Michael Marrus in 1981.

Dr. Paxton initially studied at Washington and Lee University, from which he earned a Bachelor of Arts in 1954. Following this accomplishment, he attended Oxford University in England as a Rhodes Scholar and attained both a Bachelor of Arts and a Master of Arts in 1956 and 1961, respectively. He concluded his academic efforts at Harvard University, where he received a Doctor of Philosophy in 1963. Well regarded for his subsequent career efforts, he earned several honorary doctorates from Washington and Lee University, SUNY Stony Brook, the University of Caen and the University of Lyon. Furthermore, Dr. Paxton received several decorations from the government of France, and was recognized as a fellow of the American Council of Learned Societies, the Rockefeller Foundation, the German Marshall Fund and the American Academy of Arts and Sciences.

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